Biography S.L. Rubinstein

1889, 6 June (19 new style) - Sergey L. Rubinstein was born in Odessa, the son of a lawyer.

1908 - Rubinstein successfully completed Odessa Richelieu Gymnasium.

1909-1913 - Rubinstein was studying at some universities in Germany - Berlin, Freiburg and Marburg. He was studying philosophy, sociology, mathematics, physics, natural science, logic and psychology.

1914 - under the direction of Hermann Cohen and Paul Natorp he defended his thesis for a Doctor's degreeon the philosophy "The problem of method (Rubinstein S.L., Eine Studie zum Rroblem der Methode. Marburg, 1914), dedicated mainly to the critical analysis of the philosophical system of Hegel and first of all its rationalism.

1914-1917 - Rubinstein was teaching logic and psychology in gymnasiums of Odessa. Moreover he was continuing his philosophical and methodological studies.

1919, April - Rubinstein was appointed to a post privat-associate professor at the Philosophy chair of History and Philology Department, Novorossiysk (Odessa) University.

1921 - Rubinstein was elected to the post of professor of Odessa Institute of Education (University of Novorossiysk and Ukrainian Pedagogical Institute). Rubinstein was giving lectures on philosophy, history of philosophy, Einstein's relativity theory.

1921, August he was appointed Head of the Psychology Department of Odessa Institute of Education. S. Rubinstein came to take well-known Russian psychologist N. Lange place. N. Lange dropped down dead.

1921-1928 - in this period Rubinstein published the article "The principle of creative initiative (to philosophical foundation of modern pedagogy)" (1922), which, representing a large part of the work, had methodological and programmatic meaning; obituary notice death N. Lange with a sophisticated analysis of his studie; articles about the concept and personality of G. Cohen, about the methodology of science. And later - the concept of E. Shpranger was published only after Rubinstein death.

1922 October - Rubinstein has been appointed director of the Main Library of the Higher School of Odessa, and he took an interest in library science, librarianship, bibliography, as well as professional training of librarians. Through Rubinstein activities Odessa State Public Library has established links with 300 academic institutions around the world. He went on business travels to Western Europe, where he studied work of the largest departments of psychology (Würzburg school, Gestalt psychology, etc.).

1928 - post-graduate studies at the Main Library of the Odessa Higher School was formed under the direction of Rubinstein.

1930 - Rubinstein moved to Leningrad at the invitation of M. Basov and became head of the department of psychology at Leningrad State Pedagogical Institute named Herzen. Under his leadership, the scientific team of the department (A. Comm, D. Krasilschikova, A. Leushina, M. Yaroshevskii and others) performed a large-scale research program, which found expression in a number of dissertation research. At the same time, S. Rubinstein was working as a deputy director of the Central Scientific Library named Saltykov-Shchedrin.

1934 - publication of his first formal psychological article "Problems of psychology in the scientific studies of Karl Marks," published in the singular Soviet psychological journal "Soviet psychotechnics" (1934. 1).

1934 - S. Rubinstein rewarded with the certificate "the best teacher" as the best teacher-master of the Leningrad State Pedagogical Institute named Herzen.

1935 - the first Rubinstein monograph "Principles of Psychology" he was awarded the degree of Doctor of Education (in psychology) for this book.

1935 - Rubinstein published an article "Issues of teaching psychology in pedagogical institutes" in the journal "Teacher Review" (1935. 4)

1939 - The staff of the Leningrad State Pedagogical Institute named Herzen nominated S. Rubinstein for election to the Leningrad City Council.

1939 - Rubinstein published an article "On the stages of observation" in the "Scientific Notes" of Leningrad State Pedagogical Institute .

1939 - 1941 - in the dissertation council of Leningrad State Pedagogical Institute named Herzen, which is chaired by S. Rubinstein, was defended a number of famous theses B. G. Ananeva (1939), K. M. Gurevich (1940), A. N. Leontev (1940), V. S. Filatova (1940), A. V. Yarmolenko (1940), B. M. Teplova (1940) and others.

1939 - Rubinstein published an article "The philosophical background of experimental psychology" in the "Scientific Notes" of Leningrad State Pedagogical Institute.

1940 A monograph of Rubinstein The Principles of General Psychology" was published. This book was recommended for edition by A. A. Ukhtomsky and V. I. Vernadsky.

1940 - 1942 - S. Rubinstein vice rector of Leningrad State Pedagogical Institutenamed Herzen for Research and Academic Affairs. He took part in the defense of the city, helped population, and took part in the organization of the Institute and the evacuation of staff.

1942 March - S. Rubinstein was appointed commander of a special evacuation group. This group helped out the largest group of scientists from sedimentary Leningrad (first in Kislovodsk, and then in Mahachkala ). He organized housing, food and job for evacuated scientist in a new place. At the same time, he knew about Stalin State Award on the radio and then he went to Moscow.

1942 autumn - S. Rubinstein headed Psychological Institute (9 Mohovay street Moscow). He organized the department of psychology at Moscow State University named Lomonosov, and he invited famous scientists and psychologists A. N. Leontiev, A. R. Luria, B. V. Zeigarnik, P. Ya. Galperin and others.

1943 - S. Rubinstein was elected as a member of the USSR Academy of Sciences and thus he presented psychological science for the first time in the academic research community.

1945 - S. Rubinstein organized and headed the group of philosophical problems of psychology at the Institute of Philosophy of the USSR Academy of Sciences of (14 Volhonka street, Moscow). S. V. Kravkov, N. N. Ladygina-Cots, B. M. Teplov and other famous psychologists were working in this group, and they trained new psychological personnel: L. I. Antsyferova, E. A. Budilova, M. G. Yaroshevsky and others.

1945 - he was elected as Academician of the USSR Academy of Pedagogical Sciences (now the Russian Academy of Education).

Over this years, S. Rubinstein was chairman of VOKS The USSR Society for Cultural Relations with Foreign Countries, through which established personal relationships with the leaders of west-european culture and science - Romain Rolland, Louis Aragon and others, as well as with famous psychologists as J. Piaget, P. Janet, etc.

1946 - the second, greatly expanded and revised edition of "The Fundamentals of General Psychology" was published. The first edition was marked by positive reviews and the recognition of the psychological community.

1947-1948 Start of persecution. Rubinstein was accused of cosmopolitanism, reverence for foreign things, underestimation of the national science and culture. His new book "The philosophical background of psychology" was broken (Publishing of the USSR Academy of Sciences, 1947).

1947, March 26 April 4 - meeting of the Institute of Philosophy, the USSR Academy of Sciences of, consecrated to "critical examination" of "The Fundamentals of General Psychology," Rubinstein.

1949, April - an order about Rubinstein dismission  as a head of Psychology Department of Moscow State University named M. V. Lomonosov was issued. Instead Rubinstein department was headed B. M. Teplov, and later on A. N. Leontiev.

1949 - Rubinstein was displaced from the group leading of philosophical problems of psychology of the Philosophy Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences. They demanded and resign from the Institute, but the President of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Vavilov insisted that he was allowed to stay as a senior researcher. Publication of his studies was banned.

1953, autumn - since that time (especially after the death of Stalin in 1953) S. Rubinstein gradually revest in the rights. His previous charges was removed.

1959 - he again headed the group of philosophical problems of psychology at the Institute of Philosophy of the USSR Academy of Sciences.

1960 - monograph "Being and consciousness" was published, a year later it was translated into German, and later published in a number of other countries. In the same year S. Rubinstein was appointed head of the Soviet delegation of psychologists at the XV International Congress of Psychology in Brussels (he did not participate due to illness).

1961 - "About thinking and ways to study it was published.

1962 - monograph "The Principles and the development of psychology" was published. In the same year of S. Rubinstein has been appointed organizer of the USSR Conference on the social and biological problems by the Presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences. He got the most authoritative experts to take part in the Conference P.K. Anokhin, Asratian, Grashchenkova, P.S . Simonova, and others. S. Rubinstein made a full scientific program of the meeting. It was passed to the management of the Philosophy Institute after his death. However, during the meeting, academician P. N. Fedoseev calling Rubinstein as a revisionist and anti-Marksist for problems of philosophical anthropology, ontology and ethics.

1959, May - Scientific Council of the Philosophy Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences presented the Rubinstein studies for the Lenin Prize.

1960 January 11 - S. Rubinstein suddenly died.

1973 - manuscript of Rubinstein "A Man and A World "was published. He worked during the last period of his life, until his death. Because of the novelty and anti-dogmatic focus of his criticism of the Soviet interpretation of Marksism. It was published with his old articles, which have become a rarity, "hiding" it to the end of the Volume with opportunistic comments.